Achalasia cardia is a motility or movement disorder of smooth muscles of lower esophageal sphincter characterized by an inability to dilate or to open when needed. Achalasia cardia is a motility disorder of the esophagus causing incomplete relaxation of the lower esophageal sphincter with increase in tone and absence of esophageal peristalsis it is also termed as esophageal achalasia cardio spasm and esophageal aperistalsis click to read about causes of achalasia cardia. Achalasia of the cardia reflections upon a clinical study of over 100 cases br med j 1964 may 2 1 53911135 1140 pmc free article belsey r functional disease of the oesophagus postgrad med j 1963 may 39290 298 pmc free article benedict eb grillo hc spontaneous rupture of megaesophagus in achalasia j thorac cardiovasc surg 1962 aug 44272 277 benedict eb bougienage . Akhalasia cardia cardiospasm aperistaltic esophagus megas esophagus is a disease of the esophagus characterized by the absence of a reflex opening of the cardia during swallowing and accompanied by a violation of peristalsis and a decrease in the tone of the thoracic esophagus al grebenev vm nechaev 1995 evacuation of food in the stomach
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